Themistocleous, I.-C1*., Stefanakis, M1., Douda, H2.
1Department of Life & Health Sciences, University of Nicosia, 46, Makedonitissas Avenue, Nicosia, 1700, Cyprus
2Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, University Campus, 69100 Komotini, Greece
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of disability globally and despite the advances in clinical care and medicine, continue to be the principal cause of morbidity and mortality. Cardiac Rehabilitation is a complex intervention which requires the input of a multidisciplinary team to deliver the recommended seven core components. Physiotherapists have the appropriate training, knowledge and skills to deliver the exercise component of cardiac rehabilitation and help patients return to their activities of daily life. However, cardiac rehabilitation remains underutilized due to poor referral and enrollment post discharge. Evidence have demonstrated the beneficial role of physiotherapy in cardiac rehabilitation. This review will analyze the physiotherapy management in all stages of rehabilitation, pre-surgery and post-surgery.
Keywords: Cardiac rehabilitation; secondary prevention; core components; exercise; physiotherapist.