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The effect of Nintendo Wii on physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability

Techlikidou, E.1*, Michalopoulou, M.1, Kourtessis, T.1, Skordilis, E.2

1Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, University Campus, 69100 Komotini, Greece
2School of Physical Education and Sport Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, 41, Ethnikis Antistasis, Avenue Dafni, 17237, Greece

*Contact Corresponding Author: email

Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to examine the effect of a Wii program (Active, Fit Plus, Sports), in young adults and adolescents with mild/moderate intellectual disability. The eight-week program (3 sessions/week, 30 minutes each) was implemented during the adapted physical education classes of two special education schools. The sample consisted of seventeen young adults and adolescents with intellectual disability who were assigned into two groups, an experimental (EG, n=9) and a control one (CG, n=8). Physical fitness assessment included a) six minutes walking for cardiorespiratory endurance, b) standing broad jump for lower body strength and c) sit and reach test for flexibility. The independent variables were experimental condition (EG & CG) and time of measurement (pre, post & retention). The analyses revealed a significant interaction effect with respect to the 6-min walking. The result is promising and discussed in accordance to the self-efficacy theory employed.

Keywords: Adapted Physical Education; Intervention Program; Physical Interactive Games.

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Techlikidou, E., Michalopoulou, M., Kourtessis, T., Skordilis, E. "The effect of Nintendo Wii on physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability," PANR Journal, June 22, 2017, https://www.panr.com.cy/?p=1567.