Sigala, Μ.1*, Kosmidou, Ε.2, Giannitsopoulou, Ε.3
1School of Physical Education and Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
2School of Physical Education and Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, Laboratory of Human Studies Sport Psychology
3School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, Laboratory of Evaluation of Human Biological Performance
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For the athletes their body image and the satisfaction they receive from it, are influenced by the general social conditions, but also by the particular circumstances that exist in sports. The aim of the present study was identify variables that discriminated satisfied by their body image athletes (cuurent and former) and the possibility to predict social physique anxiety by objective and subjective variables. In the present study, participated 183 female athletes (current and former) aged 20.52 years. Self-reported questionnaires evaluated body image satisfaction (Theodorakis, 1999), body esteem (Mendelson, Mendelson, & White, 2001), social physique anxiety (Hart, Leary, & Rejeski, 1989; Psychoudakis, Stavrou & Zervas, 2004), as well as descriptive features. Το predict whether or not the athlete was satisfied with her body discriminant function analysis was used, and by the results was revealed that prediction was satisfactory by objective factors (body mass index, age, training hours per day, days of training per week, years of participation in sport programs) and subjective (perceived body image and social body anxiety). Differentiation was observed in the contribution of factors between the current and the former athletes. The prediction of social physique anxiety with linear regression showed that contributed by perceived body esteem-weight, perceived body esteem-attribution and training frequency. No difference was observed between current and former athletes, only the contribution rate of each factor was different. Through appropriate intervention programs, both during the girls’ engagement with sports but also after their disengagement, the factors that affect the satisfaction from their body image must be strengthened.
Keywords: body image; body image satisfaction; social physique anxiety; female athletes.