Tsaousidis, I., Bebetsos E. , Matsouka O. , Kouli, O.
Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
The aim of this study is to examine if the social anxiety that female and male adults feel, affects their motivation in relation to their participation in the gym. The study consisted of 139 persons (72 men and 67 women), with an average age of 31.06 ± 10.13 years who exercise at gyms in Limassol. For the data collection the following vale techniques were used: Questionnaire of the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (S.P.A.S) which consists of 9 questions by Hart, Leary and Rejesk (1989) which translated into the Greek language from Psychoudaki and its partners (2004) and Greek version from the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-2) which consist of 19 questions of Moustaka, Vlachopoulos, Kaperoni, Vazou, and Markland, (2010). The results showed that those who exercise for more than 7 years have significantly increased introjected and identified regulation, while considerably more external motivation have those who exercise less than 2 years. Exercising more than 5 times a week seems to affect positively intrinsic motivation, introjected regulation and identified regulation. The amotivation and the need for intrinsic motivation seems higher to those who exercise less than 3 times a week. The extrinsic and intrinsic motivation introjected and identified regulation and the amotivation related significantly with the weekly frequency of exercise. While the introjected regulation, amotivation and index for S.P.A with the years these person’s exercise. In conclusion, it was established that S.P.A is negatively connected with the motivation for participation at the gym and decrease when increase the frequency and duration of exercise which increases the motivation for participation.
Keywords: social physique anxiety, participation motivation, exercise.