Bonia, K.D.*, Sourvinos, S., Siaperas, P.
Institute of Occupational Science and Rehabilitation, Metropolitan College, 74, Sorou str., 151 25, Maroussi, Attica, Greece
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with severe symptoms, such as the fatigue and has a high impact on patient’s quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the rate, the type, and the effect of therapeutic exercise in patients with SLE on quality of life and fatigue in Greece. Three questionnaires were used to measure quality of life (SF36), fatigue (FSS), and physical activity (IPAQ) and 101 patients with SLE answered about their personal choices. The (IBM) SPSS 25 Statistics was used for statistical analysis, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA, Pearson Correlations, and Linear Regression were used to test the variables of interest. The results showed that the sample’s average (mean) for quality of life was lower than normal (48.3), for fatigue was high (41.73) and the total score of physical activity was slightly moderate (1603.79 METS). Furthermore, for vigorous exercise the average was extremely low (557.79 METS) of gym training, 30 minutes per day, twice a week, for moderate exercise also low (824,65 METS), of housekeeping and cleaning, 1 hour per day, twice a week, and for low exercise (walking) extremely low (239,87 METS), for 30 minutes, three times per week. A high average (50.5) of the sample was presented by patients who chose to remain seated during the day. The conclusions were that the patients with SLE in Greece do not perform systematically exercise. They choose moderate physical activity of housekeeping and cleaning, while choosing a sedentary lifestyle brings further problems to their health, although exercise was found to have positive results.
Keywords: systemic lupus erythematosus; QoL; fatigue; physical activity; therapeutic exercise.