Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thermi 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece
The aim of this study was to investigate and record all the elements and acrobatics that man has cultivated, from the ancient times until the modern days, but also to make the comparison and the emergence of these elements and their relationship to a sport, which internationally is called parkour. The main features of the above activity is the pass over the various obstacles (natural and manmade) with speed, power and efficiency, using only hands, feet and the whole body. Activities with similar mobility features were cultivated from ancient times through the centuries, in various combinations and for various purposes: in searching for food (hunting), in military training, in sports, in entertainment (acrobatics, dances, circuses, etc.). Elements of parkour are found in the gymnastic methods of great educators-instructors of the 19th century, some of whom are considered to be the informal introducers of parkour. The real basis of parkour was put by the French naval officer Georges Hebert, in the first decades of the 20th century.
Keywords: parkour; acrobatics; military training; hurdles; speed.