Grapsas, Ι., Bebetsos, Ε., Godolias, G. & Tsamourtzis, Ε.
School of Physical Education & Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between coaching behavior and athlete’s motivation and how this relationship affects them to factors such as sex and nationality. The Coaching Behavior Questionnaire, (CBQ Williams et al., 2003), the “Personal Questionnaire Guidelines” of Duda (1989), were used for data collection. The sample of the research consisted of 1,007 basketball athletes of Greece and Cyprus of various competitive agonistic levels, age 15-38, (Μ.Ο.=17.6, SD=5.17). Reliability analyses confirmed satisfactory indicators Cronbach’s alpha respectively for all factors. Correlation analyses of the questionnaire factors showed a positive correlation between “intrinsic motivation” and “positive feedback”, and negative correlation with “negative feedback”. On the contrary, the results of “extrinsic motivation”, showed positive correlation with the “negative feedback” and negative correlation with “positive feedback”. What’s more, statistically significant differences occurred between Greek female athletes and Cypriot ones with the Greeks to have a higher score in the “extrinsic motivation” and “negative feedback” and the Cypriots a higher one in the “positive feedback”. In conclusion, the findings of the study survey highlight the important role of coaching behavior and how it affects the motivation in basketball. In conclusion, there is a need for specific education of the coaches regarding athletes’ psychology.and coaching behavior. The findings of this research could be a useful tool for reflection, intervention and improvement of coaching behavior, contributing to coaching effectiveness and athlete’s performance in basketball.
Keywords: Coaching behavior; athletes’ motivation; basketball; Greece; Cyprus