Evgenia Giannitsopoulou E.
School of Physical Education & Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, New facilities, Thermi, 57001
Women participate in different types of physical activity. Rhythmic gymnastics, swimming and ballet dance classes are usually chosen from childhood to late adolescence and parents are deeply involved in this participation and afterwards. During this developmental period, growth implies changes in body size, which cannot be controlled and these changes may be related with a social physique anxiety. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between social physique anxiety and parental involvement among rhythmic gymnastics, swimming athletes and ballet dancers during adolescence. Methods: A total of 102 female participants, rhythmic gymnasts, swimmers and ballet dancers participated in the study. Self-reported questionnaires were completed examining social physique anxiety and perceived parental involvement. Results: The analysis of data revealed that there are differences between sports activities only in praise -understanding and active involvement. Social physique anxiety was predicted only by pressure. Conclusion: The above findings revealed that female athletes during adolescence, competing in these sports, have many similarities that should be taken under consideration.
Keywords: female athletes, rhythmic gymnastics, swimming athletes, ballet dancers, social physique anxiety, parental involvement