Kaimakamis, V.*, Anastasiou, A.
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thermi 57001, Thessaloniki, Greece
Efforts to establish a fair and objective evaluation system for gymnastics had already started in the early 19th century, that is, ever since gymnastics had begun to take shape as a competitive sport. In the following years, various systems were formed and rules stipulated which were however not unanimously approved and accepted by all countries and federations. Despite these setbacks, the IOC and F.E.G., both prominent international institutions, started to organize international sports competitions (the Olympic Games, the World Tournament), in which participating countries more or less accepted the rules and systems implemented. However, the lack of concrete and commonly accepted rules and requirements for the various apparatus caused major problems. It stirred feelings of suspicion and disapproval in the field of gymnastics, especially among those involved in the two international institutions, a stance which unfortunately hampered progress and the development of the sport.
Keywords: regulations; gymnastic; Olympic games.