Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thermi 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece.
For the ancient Greeks, one of the most meaningful pleasures was undoubtedly theater. Therefore, the object of the current research is, on the one hand, to scrutinize how much important was for the ancient Greeks to dabble at theater and, on the other hand, the record of those dances that were presented at theater, as well. For the element selection has been used the methodological research, in which has realized analysis and interpretation of primary and secondary resources. According to the results of resources study, in antiquity, spectators and dancers not only entertained themselves, but also educated themselves through contact with legends, religion and fantastic instances directly concerning their everyday life. All these fantastic instances were presented as real by the master creators of that time. In all of the three genres of theater, the Chorus played a primary role. Its members were dancing and singing at the same time, or they were solely dancing using mimic movements, and by combing the “acting” talent, the art and the beauty, they aimed at impressing the audience. The conclusion of this study results to theater’s both artistic and cultural character, because, in one sense, it artistically inspired the artists. Additionally, it constituted a form of an auto telic art, which enhanced and refined the cultural virtues.
Keywords: dance; dancing; theater.